What is hash?
Hashish consists of the THC-rich resinous material of the cannabis plant, which is collected, dried, and then compressed into a variety of forms, such as balls, cakes, or cookie-like sheets. Pieces are then broken off, placed in pipes and smoked. The Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan/Afghanistan are the main sources of hashish.
The THC content of hashish that reaches the United States, where demand is limited, averaged 6 percent in the 1990s. Hash is sold in solid pieces ranging in color from light brown to black; in texture from dry to soft and crumbly. It can also be baked into cookies or cakes.
Studies suggest that normal development of a baby may be adversely affected by heavy use of marijuana by the mother during pregnancy
The Middle East still today remains the primary source of hashish worldwide.
Short-term effects of hash
- Muscular incoordination, slurred speech, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea and reddening of the eyes.
- Concentration, short-term memory, driving ability, stability, balance, ability to process information and judgement are all markedly impaired.
- User feels calm, relaxed, talkative and giddy.
- Sensory perception seems enhanced, colors brighter, sounds more distinct.
- Appetite, reaction time, pulse rate and pupil size are increased.
- Sense of time and space distorted.
- Some users withdraw, or experience fearfulness, spontaneous laughter, anxiety, depression; users experience hallucinations, paranoia and panic reactions with larger doses and symptoms worsen in persons with psychiatric disorders, particularly schizophrenia.
Long-term effects of hash
- Increased risk of cancers, of the oral cavity, pharynx, and esophagus.
- Respiratory system damaged by smoking.
- Disruption in menstrual cycle, decreased sperm count, possible congenital abnormalities are also some of the effects.
- Psychological effects include panic reactions, psychosis, a motivational syndrome, diminished drive, lessened ambition and decreased motivation.
- Impaired educational attainment and significant adjustment problems.
What is hash oil?
The term hash oil is used by illicit drug users and dealers but is a misnomer in suggesting any resemblance to hashish. Hash oil is produced by extracting the cannabinoids from plant material with a solvent. The color and odor of the resulting extract will vary, depending on the type of solvent used.
Current samples of hash oil, a viscous liquid ranging from amber to dark brown in color, average about 15 percent THC. In terms of its psychoactive effect, a drop or two of this liquid on a cigarette is equal to a single “joint” of marijuana.